Album quilt: A quilt made from different blocks with symbolic designs. If each block is signed, it becomes a signature quilt.

Appliqué: A surface embellishment made by cutting fabric or lace designs and stitching them to the base fabric.

Backing: The back layer of the quilt

Baste: Long running stitches used to temporarily hold the fabric in place before the final stitching.

Batting: The middle layer of the quilt that provides thickness and warmth

Bias: Any line diagonal to the cross and lengthwise grains. Most bias pattern pieces tend to be placed on the true bias but the grain line arrow and the pattern’s layout instructions will instruct you how to align your pieces.

Bias binding/tape: A bias cut strip that is used to bind or cover edges. It can be purchased readymade or can be cut from fabric.

Big stitch: a decorative type of quilting that uses embroidery threads in large stitches

Binding: A strip of fabric used to cover a seam edge or enclose raw edges.

Birthing a quilt: Where the quilt layers are sewn together, right sides together, and then is turned inside out.

Blocks: Most quilt tops are constructed by sewing together blocks in a certain layout.

Border: A strip of fabric sewn to the edge of the quilt top that frames and enhances the design within.

Chain sewing: To sew continuously, feeding blocks into the machine one after the other without snipping threads.

Fat eighth: A fabric piece measuring 9 in x 18 in

Fat quarter: A fabric piece measuring 18 in x 22 in

Foundation piecing: A method of quilt assembly where blocks are sewn to a foundation of plain fabric

Fusible: Material that has heat sensitive adhesive on one side that allows it to be adhered to another fabric.

Grain: The orientation of threads in woven fabric: lengthwise and crosswise. The lengthwise grain is parallel to the selvedge and is called the warp, the crosswise gain is perpendicular to the selvedge and is called the weft.

Hand quilting: A running stitch done by hand that is made through the three layers of the quilt to hold it together.

Hanging sleeve: A tube sewn on to the back top of the quilt that allows it to be hung

Layout: This refers to the way that the blocks are arranged to be sewn together.

Piecing a quilt on point: A square block that is set on edge, with the corners at the top centre, bottom centre and sides of the block.

Penny squares: also known as red work, is simple outline embroidery done in red thread.

Prairie Points: Multiple folded triangular fabrics strung on and attached to quilts as a decorative edge with their points facing out.

Quilt top: The top decorative layer of a quilt

Reverse appliqué: The traditional form of appliqué involves sewing the design piece onto a background but reverse appliqué is when the design piece is on the background and the top fabric is cut to reveal the design.

Selvedge: The factory finished edge of the roll of fabric designed to keep the fabric from unravelling or fraying.

Stippling: Closely spaced quilting stitches in a series of ‘S’ shaped curves that weave around each other without touching.

Stitch in the ditch: Stitching done in the valley or groove of a seam

Thangles: A paper piecing method of making perfect half square triangles.

Tied quilt: A quilt whose three layers is held together by knotted strings or ties.

Trapunto: A stuffed quilt design